Psychological Imagery in Sport and Performance (2023)

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    (Video) Mental Imagery - Introduction to a Sport Psychological Technique

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    (Video) Mental Imagery in Sport - a COMPLETE guide

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    (Video) The Secret Imagination of Elite Performers | Charlie Unwin | TEDxHolyhead

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    (Video) what is imagery in sports || why should athlete use imagery || with English subtitle


How does imagery affect sports performance? ›

Imagery is a psychological technique which has demonstrated its effectiveness in sport through positively affecting psychological states, such as decreasing anxiety and enhancing self-confidence, self-efficacy and concentration (Garza & Feltz, 1998; Post & Wrisberg, 2012).

What are the types of imagery sport psychology? ›

The five functions of imagery include, motivational-specific, motivational general-mastery, motivational general-arousal, cognitive specific, and finally, cognitive general.

What is an example of imagery in enhancing sport performance? ›

Imagery Boosts Confidence

For example, a basketball player can have a high self-efficacy in shooting a free throw but can have a low self-efficacy in dribbling. If athletes imagine being confident, focused, and mentally tough in sport situations, they can gain more self-confidence and self-efficacy in their sports.

What is the role of imagery in performance? ›

Imagery is a cognitive process fundamental to motor learning and performance. When we con-sciously internally represent an action through imagery, the same brain areas involved in the unconscious planning and execution of movements are activated (Lotze & Halsband, 2006; Munzert, Lorey, & Zentgraf, 2009).

Which type of imagery is best for an athlete to use in sport? ›

The recommendation of the effective imagery training is to use CS and MG-M as the main imagery use. Athletes should use CS imagery (combined with physical training) for assist their sport specific skill learning. MG-M imagery should be used for mastering their challenged situation that improves the sport confidence.

Can imagery hurt athletes performances? ›

From the multiple analyses conducted, researchers concluded that imagery ability and MG-A imagery, were the greatest predictors of cognitive state anxiety. Athletes who reported using more MG- A imagery also reported higher levels of cognitive anxiety prior to performance.

What is visual imagery in sports psychology? ›

Visual imagery is one effective method to help athletes recover more quickly. By utilizing imagery, athletes see themselves performing the movements of their sport. The ability to see the sport by utilizing the imagination creates a sense of motivation to return to the game.

What are the 5 factors affecting the effectiveness of imagery? ›

Researchers have identified a wide range of factors that have been found to influence imagery effectiveness, including imagery ability, image speed, age, skill level, and perspective.

What are the 7 types of imagery? ›

There are seven distinct types of imagery:
  • Visual.
  • Auditory.
  • Olfactory.
  • Gustatory.
  • Tactile.
  • Kinesthetic.
  • Organic.

What is imagery in psychology example? ›

Imagery is a type of thinking that has particularly strong effects on our emotions (imagine the face of someone you love and notice the feelings that come with the image), and our physiology (close your eyes and imagine sucking on a really sour lemon).

How does imagery reduce anxiety in sport? ›

Specifically, using images of feeling confident and in control of difficult situations appears to instill greater confidence and regulate anxiety by lowering levels, and/or eliciting more positive perceptions of anxiety symptoms in response to stress evoking situations (Cumming et al., 2007; Mellalieu et al., 2009; ...

Does imagery work effects on performance and mental skills? ›

All imagery interventions contributed to enhance swing performance, and gains largely transferred to the putting performance in spite of a complete absence of training.

What is imagery how can it be used to make the physical activity experience more positive for people? ›

Imagery is a mental technique that employs one's senses to generate or replicate an experience in mind, programming the mind to respond as instructed. There are numerous applications for imagery. It can encourage relaxation, which can help lower blood pressure and alleviate other stress-related issues.

What are the effects of mental imagery on performance? ›

Not only can mental imagery improve specific motor skills but it also seems to enhance motivation, mental toughness and confidence, all which will help elevate your level of play.

How do you visualize athletic performance? ›

By imagining a scene, complete with images of a previous best performance or a future desired outcome, the athlete is instructed to simply 'step into' that feeling. While imagining these scenarios, the athlete should try to imagine the detail and the way it feels to perform in the desired way.

Why is imagery such a powerful tool for athletes to use to prepare for performances quizlet? ›

Using imagery immediately before a performance can help athletes perform better. Often, imagery is used prior to psych up, clam down or focus on relevant aspects of the task. Elite athletes use imagery to imagine how they would like to perform, what they want to do during the match. And discard any negative thoughts.

How is auditory imagery used in sport? ›

The findings suggest "auditory imagery facilitates interpersonal coordination by enhancing the operation of internal models that simulate one's own and others' actions during ensemble performance."

What are three different times imagery can be used optimally by athletes? ›

Categories of imagery that athletes use include cognitive general (e.g. using strategy), cognitive specific (e.g., using skills), motivational specific (e.g., receiving a medal), motivational general-arousal (arousal or relaxation), and motivational general-mastery (building confidence).

What is imagery technique in psychology? ›

Imagery (visualization) has harnessed the power of the mind through various therapies for centuries. By creating images in your mind, you can reduce pain and other symptoms tied to your condition. The more specific the visualization, the more helpful it will likely be.

Why are imagery and visualization good methods for motivating athletes? ›

Research is finding that both physical and psychological reactions in certain situations can be improved with visualization. Such repeated imagery can build both experience and confidence in an athlete's ability to perform certain skills under pressure, or in a variety of possible situations.

What is an example of imagery in psychology? ›

Imagery is a type of thinking that has particularly strong effects on our emotions (imagine the face of someone you love and notice the feelings that come with the image), and our physiology (close your eyes and imagine sucking on a really sour lemon).

What are the important characteristics of imagery in psychology? ›

Three characteristics of mental imagery and their links with function were studied: speed, vividness and colors.

What is kinesthetic imagery in sport? ›

Kinesthetic imagery refers to how it feels when experiencing the situation. Most commonly this internal sensation refers to the muscles associated with performing a movement. A runner may image how his legs feel while performing the running action.

What is internal imagery sports? ›

Internal imagery means the athletes visualize themselves as doing the task while, external imagery means the athletes visualize themselves from a third-person's perspectives. In other words, the situation of visualizing the tournaments in your mind, can be called as internal imagery.

What is external imagery sports? ›

Mental preparation is an important component in athletic performance. Mental preparation often involves imagery of the actual execution of the physical act. Imagery may be either "external" or "internal." External imagery occurs when people view themselves performing an act from the perspective of an external observer.


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Name: Mrs. Angelic Larkin

Birthday: 1992-06-28

Address: Apt. 413 8275 Mueller Overpass, South Magnolia, IA 99527-6023

Phone: +6824704719725

Job: District Real-Estate Facilitator

Hobby: Letterboxing, Vacation, Poi, Homebrewing, Mountain biking, Slacklining, Cabaret

Introduction: My name is Mrs. Angelic Larkin, I am a cute, charming, funny, determined, inexpensive, joyous, cheerful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.